Zika Virus Outbreak | Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention. After Ebola Virus Zika Virus outbreak has created a panic throughout the world. On 1st February 2016 The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that the outbreak of Zika Virus is an emergency.
What is Zika Virus?
Zika Virus was first isolated from the Zika Forest of Uganda in 1947. From then this virus is named as Zika Virus. In 1954 Zika Virus infectious patient was first isolated in Nigeria It belongs to the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus. It is spread mainly the by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes mostly at day time. Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. It can be transmitted through mosquito bites, from mother to child, through sexual contact, through blood transfusion.
Symptoms of Zika Virus
The infection caused by Zika Virus is known as Zika fever. It may be asymptomatic or may cause mild symptoms, similar to a mild form of dengue fever. symptoms include-
- mild fever
- conjunctivitis (red, sore eyes)
- joint pain
- a rash
Zika fever in pregnant women is associated with microcephaly. It is a condition when a baby is born with an abnormally small head, as their brain has not developed properly. Guillain-Barre syndrome has been linked to the infection.
Zika Virus Outbreak
The outbreak was first noticed in Brazil in April 2015. Then it has spread to other countries in South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Women of ecuador, El Salvador and jamika are forbidden to become pregnat in the next few months.
Zika Virus Outbreak in Bangladesh
Zika Virus inectious Patient has Been isolated in Bangladesh. The 67 years old patient comes from Chittagong. For the purpose of Dendue Viris study samle was collected from the patient of ICDDRB, Dhaka Medical College, Chittagong Medical College and Khulna Medical College. Zika Virus was isolated during this study in Chittagong Medical College.
Zika Virus Treatment and Prevention
Patients with Zika Virus are advised to take rest and plenty of fluid. There is no specific treatment or vaccine against Zika Virus. So prevention is the only measure against it. Thease are
- use insect repellents
- cover up with long-sleeved clothes
- keep windows and doors closed
The mosquitoes lay their eggs in clean standing water. so people are being told to empty buckets and flower pots of water. Avoid travelling to Zika virus endemic countries.